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  • Weed Identification

    WEED
    IDENTIFICATION

    weed identification guide with pictures

    Weed identification can be tricky, they come in a variety of shapes, sizes and types. Some weeds are more common than others, with some preferring wet and shady conditions and others preferring dry and light areas.

    Don't be put off if weeds start to grow in your garden from time to time. Certain weeds will flourish depending on the weather and soil conditions and you can tackle these weeds in different ways based on how they grow. As always, we would recommend seeking professional guidance before tackling any major weed problem you have in your garden. Contact us by clicking here. 

    Here is a full list of the most common weeds found in the UK with images and description.

    Daisy – Bellis perennis

    Daisy – Bellis perennis

    The Daisy is one of the most common and recognisable lawn and turf weeds in gardens in the UK. It can grow in almost any soil conditions and spreads by short runners called stolons. It is a perennial weed which means it lasts for several years.

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    White Clover Trifoliumrepens

    White Clover Trifoliumrepens

    A very recognisable weed found in lawns and turf. White Clover is a perennial weed meaning that it returns year after year. This low growing weed has creeping runners that travel along the surface and can quickly colonise a lawn and choke out the grass in a short period of time.

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    Dandelion Taraxacumofficinale

    Dandelion Taraxacumofficinale

    The Dandelion is a common perennial weed that forms a large flat rosette. It is a perennial plant but spreads readily from seed, germinating throughout the year. It has a long stout tap root which makes it very difficult to pull out of the ground successfully. The Dandelion leaves which have many health benefits are long and fleshy with characteristic teeth and can grow to a significant size.

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    Creeping Buttercup Ranunculusrepens

    Creeping Buttercup Ranunculusrepens

    The Creeping Buttercup is a low growing perennial weed which prefers wet heavy soils. It is a common weed in lawns in the UK and as the name suggests, it spreads using creeping stems that run along the surface of the ground, extending upwards into a new plant on a regular basis. The roots are very fibrous and dense, this weed is difficult to remove permanently as it takes several years to weaken the plant

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    Birds-Foot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus

    Birds-Foot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus

    Birds-foot trefoil is a perennial lawn weed and is also a member of the clover family. It can be a major problem on UK lawns as it forms large patches, it has a deep root system and spreads by both stolons and rhizomes (above and underground runners) Like clover, the leaf has 3 leaflets on a short stalk with two more leaflets at the base of the stalk which can grow knee high if left alone.

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    Yarrow Achillea millefolium

    Yarrow Achillea millefolium

    Yarrow is a perennial weed, common weed on all types of lawns and turf in the UK. It has deep fibrous roots and can withstand droughty conditions. It spreads by creeping stems which root at intervals. It is generally seen later in the year and the deep root system also gives it the benefit of being able to survive dry conditions. The leaves are fern like in appearance macking it very easy to identify.

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    Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis

    Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis

    Scarlet Pimpernel is an annual weed meaning that it only lasts one year, fresh plants need to grow from seed. This means it is rarely a threat to a well maintained lawn. The leaves are very similar to Common Chickweed but can be identified by its square stems and red flower. The distinct flowers of Scarlet Pimpernel can be seen from June - September. Each flower has five petals and are an orange - red colour.

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    Selfheal Prunella vulgaris

    Selfheal Prunella vulgaris

    Selfheal  is a common weed on all types of lawn throughout the UK. This perennial weed spreads by creeping runners known as rhizomes, which root at intervals. It can quite happily grow in closely mown areas of turf although if left alone, it will grow to a height of 30cm and produce an attractive plant. This plant can thrive in most conditions, the leaves appear in pars and in closely mown areas, they may have a purple ting.

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    Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastiumvulgatum

    Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastiumvulgatum

    Mouse-ear Chickweed is a perennial weed and is very common on lawns throughout in the UK. It can be very annoying as it can spread very rapidly, smothering grass in the process. It can easily survive close mowing but can be controlled with selective herbicides. The small dark green leaves are distinctive in that they are very hairy The flowers are very small and upright and white in colour appearing from late spring up to autumn.

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    Common Chickweed Stellaria media

    Common Chickweed Stellaria media

    Common Chickweed is an annual weed but very rapidly growing weed. It is only really a problem in gappy lawns or freshly seeded areas as it cannot cope with close mowing. The plant has pairs of leaves which are fleshy with a consistency of lettuce. The flowers are small and white with 5 petals although it looks like 10 with the deep lobes. It flowers from February to November.

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